Friday, January 28, 2011


To most people in the 21st century, batteries are simply a convenient substitute if mains electricity is impractical or unavailable. But when the battery was invented in 1800 it was the first device capable of providing an electric current.

Alessandro Volta (Italy) was an eminent physicist who made a number of significant breakthroughs in the field of electricity and is commemorated by the use of his name for the electrical unit of potential difference, the volt. His most famous invention, the battery, came about as the result of a disagreement with another Italian scientist, Luigi Galvani.

In 1775 Volta invented a 'perpetual electrophorus': an early form of electrical induction machine that could be used to generate and store static electricity. It worked by rubbing cat fur across a rubber-coated metal plate to build up a static charge, and then transferring the charge to a Leyden jar; by repeating the process several times a large charge could be built up. (The Leyden jar was invented in 1745 at the university of Leyden, Netherlands, as a means of storing electric charge.) Static electricity and the Leyden jar were nothing new, but what Volta had invented was a means of accumulating an electric charge.

Volta's real breakthrough, however, came when he heard about the electrical experiments of anatomist Galvani. Galvani had noticed that dissected frogs' legs would twitch if they were part of a circuit involving two metals, and concluded that the muscles and nerves were the source of what he called 'animal electricity'. Volta disagreed, thinking that the current was more likely to be due to the connection between the two metals; he began experimenting with pairs of metals and discovered that he could generate an electric current if certain metals were submerged in acid. The result, in 1800, was Volta's greatest invention, the 'voltaic pile'. It was the world's first battery - a series of copper and zinc strips submerged in salt water that could provide an electric current rather that mere status electricity. The following year, Napoleon I (ruler of Italy since its conquest by France in 1796) bestowed the Legion of Honour on Volta, in recognition of the importance of his invention, and made him a Count. 

Wednesday, January 19, 2011

              ''rajinikanth pierre laval''

Real NameShivaji Rao Gaikwad
Date of Birth12.12.1950
Time of Birth11:54 P.M.
Place of BirthBangalore
Height5 feet 9 inch
Weight70 Kg
Name of SpouseMrs. Latha Rajinikanth, Principal,
The Ashram
Date of Marriage26.02.1981  4:30 A.M
Place of MarriageThirupathi
 Date of Reception 14.03.1981 6:00 A.M
 Place of Reception Taj Coromandal, Chennai
Names of ChildrenAishwarya & Sowandarya
Address18, Raghava Veera Avenue,
Poes Garden, Chennai-86
Contact Phone
Fax24838890 (Raghavendra Mandapam)
Father's NameRamoji Rao
Mother's NameRambhai
Brother's NameSathya Narayana Rao & Nageshwara Rao
Spiritual GuruSatchithananda Swamiji
Favourite GodShri Raghavendra
Favourite BooksBooks written by Shri Ramana Maharishi
Favourite CityChennai
Favourite ColourBlack
Favourite DrinksJuice & Curd
Favourite FoodsChicken & Mutton items
Happiest MomentsTo be alone
Worst MomentsLeft the job of Conductor
Worst Period1978 - 1981
Favourite DressWhite Kurtha
Favourite PlaceHimalaya
Favourite Place in HousePooja Room
Favourite ProverbBeware of Everything -that is un true; stick to the Truth shall succeed slowly but steadily
Favourite workSelf-driving
Unforgettable ManK.Balachandar
Unforgettable FunctionBassha Silver Jubilee Function
Unforgettable FriendSri Priya
First FilmAboorva Ragangal
50th FilmTiger (Telugu)
100th FilmShri Raghavendrar
125th FilmRajathi Raja
150th FilmPadyappa
Favourite Hollywood ActorSylvester Stallone
Favourite Indian ActorKamalhaasan
Favourite ActressRekha (Hindi)
Favourite RoleRomantic Roles
Most Valuable ItemAppreciation Letter from K.Balachander for the film "Mullum Malarum"
Favourite LanguageEnglish
Favourite FilmsHollywood Films
Favourite NovelKalki's Ponniyin Selvan & T. Janakiraman's Amma Vanthal
Favourite Cinema SceneDuet Scene
Favourite WriterJayagandhan
Favourite PoetKannadasan
Favourite MusicianIllayaraja
Favourite SpeakerVattal Nagaraj
Favourite SongsSongs sung by Chandrababu
Favourite FilmVeera Kesari (Kannada)
Favourite PoliticianSingapore President Lee Quan-u
Unforgettable LeaderMahatma Gandhiji
About Mahatma GandhijiForm of Truth; Great Yogi
About BharathiarReal Rebel Poet
About KamarajarReal "Padikatha Methai"
About PeriyarReal Spiritualist
About AnnaduraiGreat Leader
About KalaigarThe only leader for Tamil Community
About M.G.RGuardian to Tamil Cinema
About Shjivaji GaneshanDictionary of Tamil Cinema
About JayshankarSportiveness
About ShivakumarPunctuality
About KamalahaasanSincerity
Message to FanLive & Let Live
About RajinikanthI live for myself ; I don't care anybody but I respect everybody

How to Patent An Idea

How To Patent An Idea

how to patent an ideaGovernments do not issue patents just for an idea.Ideas, thoughts or inspirations do not not qualify for a patent.
Expressions or publication of thoughts that are not inventions, like this page for example, are protected by copyright.
Publication of unique symbols or word designs are protected by trademark.
These are good tools as well, but how to patent an idea for an invention is dealt with differently than other ideas.

How To Patent Something

An invention idea is usually about how you can solve a problem. But you have to make the solution (an invention) before you can apply for a patent.It is something real and tangible. An invention must also be new, unique, and useful.

Patent Strategies

Lets say you have this idea that "socks should not get holes in them".This might be a good invention idea. Lots of people wear socks.
Most people would probably want socks that didn't get holes in them.
So you start thinking about how to patent an idea like this. But you can't get a patent for this idea.
This is an invention idea, meaning it gives you an idea for something you could invent - "a sock that doesn't get holes." There are ways to protect your idea before applying for a patent, which you can learn about on our website.

First Step

Once you have this idea, the very first thing you should do is conduct a patent search.If your patent search doesn't find anything like your idea, you could start working on your invention. You want to make your idea into an invention.
If you want to license your invention, you need to plan this while you're developing your idea.
As you progress with your invention you might experiment and test materials, spending long hard hours on your invention.
Let's say you invent a coating that you can put on wool thread. This makes the socks durable. You make some socks using this new wool material. They're comfortable and have a unique and different look to them.
But your new thread is not easy to work with so you adapt a sewing machine to make it easier to sew socks.
This was a lot of work and you actually have created more than just one invention.
You may feel ready to protect your invention by obtaining patents. But there are still other steps to take, which you can find on our website.

patent an idea

We Have Tools

A patent is just one tool we use to prepare our inventions.There are several tools we use to give our inventions a chance to become successful.

Trademark Logo


A trademark logo is a graphic symbol or design usually combined with type. It is a "mark" used to identify a brand of product or service.


The "RR" of Rolls-Royce, the "three stripes" of Addidas, or the script text of Coca-Cola are logos - as are Mr. Clean, Playboy Bunny, Michelin Man, Mickey Mouse and the Gerber Baby.A well designed logo is an important marketing tool for inventors. It can effectively distinguish an invention from similar products or brands in the marketplace.
It can give immediate recognition for a product, or communicate a desirable impression that will allow a company to have a competitive advantage.


A trademark logo is also a tool that helps to license an invention. It can become more valuable, or as valuable, as a successful invention because of collateral licensing opportunities.An inventor in San Diego invented durable surfing shorts. He designed a logo for his shorts, which was two footprints with ten circular toes and the name "Hang Ten". Today, it is licensed to manufacturers around the world for practically anything to do with surfing - earning millions in revenues.
Many companies, such as Gucci, Walt Disney and Starbucks, license their "marks" for use on other merchandise.
Trademark rights do not expire so long as the mark continues to be used. This is an effective strategy in extending the monopoly of an invention. Wham-O's flying disc trademark known as "Frisbee" is an example of the effectiveness of a trademark after a patent has expired.
Having a good trademark can help license your invention.It is an additional tool that can be included in a business plan as part of a marketing strategy. Trademarks are also relatively inexpensive to register, although you own the rights to your own design whether it is registered or not.

Definition of Trademark

The definition of trademark is any word, name or symbol that is used by a manufacturer or merchant to identify their goods as distinguished from those made or sold by others.Trademarks are of interest to inventors because they offer additional rights to those provided by patents.
They are sometimes confused with other types of identifying marks that have their own unique definitions.

Service Mark

A trademark that identifies a service, rather than goods, is known as a "service mark" in some countries. Television, telephone and transportation companies would be examples of services.Service marks are CNN, AT&T and FEDex. Service marks may also refer to the identifying features of a person, as in Oprah or the architectural features of a building or store, like McDonald'sKentucky Fried Chicken or FotoMat.

Sound Mark

A definition of trademark that refers to a distinctive sound, associated with a product or service, is known as a "sound mark".The MGM "lion roar", the THX "digital sound" and the NBC "chimes" are sound marks.

Certification Mark

A "certification mark" is commonly included within the definition of trademark. It is the identifying words and/or symbols of an organization that "certifies" a characteristic of a product or service. It is used to assure consumers that a particular product or service meets certain criteria.Underwriters Laboratories "UL" and the Idaho Potato Commission's "Grown in Idaho" are certification marks.

Collective Mark

A "collective mark" refers to a trademark used by membership organizations. It is used by members to indicate their membership, such as the "AAA" mark for the American Automobile Association or the "NCAA" mark for the National Collegiate Athletic Association.

Trade Name

More on the definition of trademark

A "trade name" is a registered business name used by a company to identify itself when providing products or services. For example,The Proctor & Gamble Company uses the trade nameProctor & Gamble when selling it's trademark "Ivory" soap.

Brand Name

A "brand name" generally refers to how a merchant brands or uses their trade name, trademarks or other marks.Branding and brand recognition, refers to the experiences consumers have toward a product or service.
It is generally a marketing term that refers to how consumers are identifying with a product, service, company or person.
For example, a car manufacturer will have one of their vehicles used in a movie. The film may feature images of the vehicle, it's performance and trademarks.
It may be driven by the hero in the movie. The car company's name or slogan may be used in the dialog. This is called branding.

Making A Prototype


Making a prototype can be expensive, but there are ways for an inventor to reduce the costs in the early stages of development.Years ago when I was working in China, it amazed me how resourceful the Chinese were at making a prototype.
Today, they have all the modern equipment and facilities to manufacture anything - but they didn't have all that stuff when they started manufacturing exports.


What they would do was run around looking for materials, tools or machinery they could use for making a prototype. There was a great deal of co-operation amongst their businesses.They would assist each other because they all had the same objective - to manufacture products for export.
They also knew that they couldn't get orders unless they could make sample prototypes. If one business helped another to make a prototype, they would receive some sort of exchange in return - a referral, materials, orders , or some other consideration.
The most important thing was a referral or contact with a foreigner, the actual buyer of products.
I'll give you an example of how this works and then explain how you might use this information for making a prototype where you live and work.


I was talking to a Major League Baseball team about a souvenir they could give to their fans attending games. The idea was a small "replica" baseball bat with a player's picture on it.Everybody thought it was a good idea but I needed some samples.
I went to China with pictures of baseball bats, players and some sketches to make a prototype. I was told it would take about a week. The person making it for me told me it wouldn't cost me anything but asked if I would meet some of his friends for lunch sometime.
I said "sure". So here is what he did.
He went to dozens of places looking for wood, tools, coating laminates etc. He also looked for people with skills that could help make my prototype.
In return for helping him, they would have lunch with me to talk business and exchange business cards.
I received my samples a week later, as promised, and they were really good. They looked like tiny wood baseball bats, and had a player's picture laminated on it with a plastic coating.
I also was given a surprise. A red velvet wood box.
Inside was a replica baseball bat made entirely of aluminum -with grip tape around the handle. I was stunned.
From that moment, and ever since, I came to realize they could make virtually anything.
Unfortunately, the souvenir baseball bat idea didn't work out. Having thousands of fans drinking beer in a stadium, armed with small "billy-club" baseball bats - wasn't something the baseball ownership felt comfortable with.
I eventually had lunch with everyone who helped with the prototypes - all thirty of them.


When you think of what you need in order to make a prototype, you should think in terms of where you could get your material, access to skills or equipment.For example, trades people such as welders or electricians have types of material and equipment that they use. It is surprising what assets and resources exist among the businesses in your area.
Colleges, universities and technical schools also have skills, equipment and facilities that could be a resource for making a prototype.
To avoid disclosure of your invention, you can have different non-confidential parts of it made at different places. In this way, you can assemble the parts and retain confidentially of your invention.
You can talk about your invention in general terms without disclosing your invention.
For example, my invention is a wireless device that extracts and stores energy from any type of battery. This tells you about the invention rather than how the invention is made or how it works. I could be even more general by saying my invention is about saving energy from batteries.


When asking people for help in making a prototype, without paying them anything or very little - you need to give them a reason for doing so.You could say you need to make a prototype to show investors and that you're trying to save money to pay your attorneys for a patent.
Most people find this quite understandable.
They all know lawyers are expensive, and most believe that the first thing you do when you have a good idea is to patent it.
You may also offer some other exchange. For example, I will give lectures to schools about inventing or some other topic as an exchange.
This is a good way to start making a prototype, keeping your costs low, until you have a final design that you may decide to have professionally made.

Invention Prototype


selling inventions
An invention prototype is the physical evidence that your unique and new idea actually works.It is a functioning model of your invention and is proof of the problems it solves and/or the benefits it provides.
There is a two-fold purpose and a number of phases to making a invention prototype.
- Primary -
The primary purpose is to prove to yourself that your invention will work.
It is a research and development phase that will eventually produce a final "pre-production" model of your invention.
You develop your invention prototype to create a working model that is patentable and potentially profitable.
It allows you to test functionality and make improvements before moving forward. This is an important phase with respect to the patenting process.
If you patent your invention before finalizing your prototype you may not have included any improvements or you may make claims that are no longer a part of your invention.
You will probably make many prototypes before you finalize your product.

Depending on what your invention is - will determine whether you can make a prototype yourself or have it made for you.
If you have access/connections to materials - you may create a prototype yourself, or if not, you will need to make arrangements to have it made for you.
You will need to make drawings, schematics and/or diagrams of your product and it's functions. This process should provide an understanding of how your product will be manufactured - which determines the manufacturing costs.
- Secondary -
The secondary purpose is to prove to someone else that your invention works.

Reducing the costs of an invention prototype
During this phase you are attending to issues related to financing, patenting and licensing your invention or establishing a business to do so.This is where you have a final prototype that you will use, as one of your tools, to convince investors and/or licensees of the profitability of your invention.

Computer Generated Prototype

Constructing a fully functional invention prototype can be expensive and time consuming, however modern technology makes this process less expensive and faster.The drawings, schematics and/or diagrams of your invention prototype can be three-dimensionally created with computer software that is integrated and programmed with machinery.
This machinery can then make "all" or "parts of" your invention using the required materials in various molding processes.
This technology is known as CAD/CAM (computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing) and the prototyping process is called "rapid application development" or "rapid prototyping".
Companies that do this type of work specialized in different fields of manufacturing and tend to focus on certain types of products.
For example, a company may specialize in "rapid electronics prototyping" for circuit boards related to thermostats.

Prototype Companies

You can find these companies through a local university where the engineering departments have connections with them.
If you decide to use a prototype maker, you will want to check their references before using their services. You will also want to have the necessary agreements executed to protect yourself.
Most prototype companies charge an hourly rate for the work they do. You should ask for an estimate of time and cost.
Most reputable prototype makers depend upon their reputations for the work they do. They have a good idea about their time and costs.
You may want to stipulate a budget or "price cap" on the work. This prevents "padding" which means they may take longer and bill more hours than is warranted.
Like any relationship, working with an invention prototype company can be mutually beneficial - as both of you can benefit from each others connections.

New Invention Ideas

Bionic Eyes 

science-inventionsAs our population ages, impaired vision caused by damaged retinas has increased.
Among the new invention ideas to improve vision is to use silicon chips that can stimulate the retina to respond to light. But these chips are large and can tear or otherwise damage surrounding eye tissue over time.
Jeffrey Olsen, of the University of Colorado Hospital, has invented light amplifying "quantum" dots. This use of nanotechnology increases the light received by the retina so that images are brighter.
The "quantum" dots fluoresce when hit by photons so the images are more visible to functioning light sensitive cells.
The dots act as semiconductors and are implanted into the retina. They are much smaller than silicon chips.
To appreciate the miniature world of nanotechnology, it helps to get an idea of the sizes involved. A nanometer (nm) is the unit of measurement on the nanoscale. A nanometer is smaller than the wavelength of visible light or a hundred thousand times smaller than the width of a human hair.
On the nanoscale, atoms are assembled to make the latest science inventions - such as light amplifying "quantum" dots.


Viral Micro-batteries
latest-science-inventionsResearchers at MIT have created the world's first batteries constructed from microscopic viruses.
Viruses are genetically engineered to attract specific anode and cathode materials, molecules like cobalt oxide from a solution, which form wires packed together to create electrodes smaller than a human cell.
Batteries consist of two opposing electrodes, anode and cathode, separated by an electrolyte.
"Once you do the genetic engineering with the viruses themselves, you pour in the solution and they grow the right combination of these materials on them," says professor Angela Belcher.
The team is working on practical applications for this new invention idea, which include fiber configurations, smaller than a human cell, spun like silk and integrated into textiles providing a wearable power source. Nano-films could also be printed or laminated to electronic devices for the same purpose.
The research is being funded by the Army Research Office Institute of Collaborative Biotechnologies, the Army Research Office Institute of Soldier Nanotechnologies, and the David and Lucille Packard Foundation.


Power Leap
electricity-inventionElizabeth Redmond of Chicago is using the law of thermodynamics to create floor tiles that compress to generate and distribute electricity.
The tiles convert kinetic energy into electrical energy from the pressure exerted by people walking on them.
They are intended for high traffic areas such as sidewalks, public transport platforms etc.
"Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. This project is exactly about that," says the 23 year old inventor.
The innovative flooring system is a solution to wasted human kinetic energy by harnessing it from pedestrian foot traffic to generate electricity for the community.


NanoTube - Hair-Thin Loudspeakers
latest-science-inventionsShoushan Fan, Kaili Jiang and Lin Xiao, scientists at Tsinghua University in Beijing, have invented a super-thin loudspeaker (one thousandth the width of a human hair).
The material is flexible, transparent, stretchable - uses no magnets or moving parts - and produces sound quality as good as conventional speakers.
An audio frequency current is sent through a sheet of carbon nanotube to generate sound by vibrating surrounding air molecules.
The sheet of film experiences rapid temperature oscillations from the current causing pressure oscillations in the surrounding air, which creates sound pressure waves.
The film doesn't vibrate or move and can produce sound while being flexed or stretched, bent or even when partly damaged.
The applications for this new invention idea appear limitless.
Combined with wireless technology, the nanotube film could be incorporated into textiles converting your favorite sweater into an wearable ipod.
The film can be laminated to a computer or television to replace conventional speakers. It can be attached to any surface - ceilings, walls, doors, car interiors - anywhere you wish to create acoustical sound.


Solar Foil - The Future of Solar Energy
solar-inventionAnil Sethi, chief executive of the Swiss company Flison, holds a dark polymer foil. A paper-thin foil 200 times lighter than glass solar material. So light, it can be stuck to the sides of a building. So light, it can be mass-produced in rolls like packaging material.
This is solar film. This new invention idea is made from a semiconductor compound that is embedded into polymer foil. A compound that absorbs light by freeing electrons, which can generate electricity for heating, lighting and air-conditioning.
Just a small piece can power a mobile phone or laptop.
It will even work on a grey, cloudy day and it should be commercially available by 2010.
"We don't need subsidies, we just need governments to get out of the way and do no harm. They've spent $170 billion subsidizing nuclear power over the last thirty years," says Sethi.
The solar industry is expected to surpass wind power.
According to Michael Rogol, a solar expert with Credit Lyonnais, the industry will grow to $40 billion by 2010, especially in Japan and Germany where green energy laws have forced utitilies to purchase surplus electricity from households.
Solar foil technology is accelerating so fast that the cost for electricity per watt could be 70 cents within a few years and around 30 cents within a decade.
"This is a very powerful technology," says Mike Splinter, chief executive of the U.S. based semiconductor company Appied Materials.
Populations across Asia and Africa that do not have networks of electrical grids, could jump into the solar age with this technology, similar to how they jumped into wireless phones.
Electrical utilities in Japan and Germany have already seen diminishing profits.
But Jeroen Van de Veer, chief executive at Shell Oil assures us that oil will be around for awhile, "We have invested a bit in all forms of renewable energy ourselves and maybe we'll find a winner one day. But the reality is that in twenty years time we'll still be using more oil than now."


Cool Inventions

Kindle DX eReader

cool inventions

E-Readers are very cool inventions and Amazon claims to have 70-80% of the market thanks to it's evolution of product enhancements such as the Kindle DX.
This latest generation portable reader features a high contrast 9.7 inch no-glare screen, weighs less than a paperback and is thinner than a magazine.
It holds 3,500 books, has a battey life of one month and includes free 3G wireless internet access.
The Kindle DX also features a text-to-speech application that reads the book to you.

LaCie Safe

cool inventionsThis is one of those cool inventions that provides peace of mind for securing your information.
Storing your files on this mobile hard drive gives you multiple levels of protection because it uses advanced encryption and biometric authentication technology.
The Safe uses 128-bit AES encryption (Advanced Encryption Standard) which is the same standard usd by governments to protect top secret information.
Encryption converts information that is readable into a mixture of unreadable characters. Decryption processes the encrypted unreadable characters back into a readable format.
The algorithm that encrypts and decrypts the information is known as a cipher. The cipher allows access to the readable information when you enter a password.
cool inventionsMost ciphers will use passwords that are four to eight characters in length, but a 128-bit AES cipher uses a 16 character password which is extremely difficult to hack.
The AES cipher or "Rijndael" (pronounced Rein Dahl) is named after the Belgian inventors Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen.
cool inventionsBiometric authentication is a technology that recognizes physical or behavioral characteristics such as fingerprints, palm geometry, retina patterns, voice and signature. Fingerprint recognition is the most popular because it's easier to use.
Your finger is scanned for minutia, which are the points on a fingerprint where a ridge ends or splits into two. An algorithm extracts the minutia points and creates a template image that is used for authentication.


cool inventionsThe Zoombak is one of those cool inventions utilizing gps technology.
It is a small universal A-GPS locator that tracks anything in real-time and on-demand. It keeps track of children, bicycles, pets, backpacks and more.
How it works. The device is carried or attached to what you're tracking. Satellite and cellular technology determines the precise location of the device that you can track on your smartphone or computer.
A map tracking feature provides automatic updates and you can view a map on your user account.


Green Inventions

Soccer Ball
green inventionsThis is one of those green inventions that captures energy.
Invented by four engineers from Harvard University, the soccer ball harvests energy created from impacts.
The sOccket has a built-in inductive coil that collects kinetic energy.
After about 15 minutes of kicking the ball around it will produce enough electricity to light an LED flashlight for 3 hours.
There is a need for inexpensive green inventions that provide off-grid energy solutions for developing regions such as Africa.
In most African countries there is no access to electricity and more than a billion people around the world rely entirely on kerosene to light their homes.
Jessica Lin, along with co-inventors, Hemali Thakker, Julia Silverman and Jessica Matthews have received grants, including funding from the Clinton Global Initiative University, to develop a prototype of their invention.
"Soccer is in every African country, so we thought, why not try to get a little more out of that energy," says Lin.
Their hoping to have the sOccket available for distribution by the end of this year.


Clean Water

green inventionsThe tragic loss of lives from the lack of safe drinking water in the aftermath of the tsunami in Indonesia and the hurricane in Louisana, motivated inventor Micheal Pritchard to find a solution.

After developing many prototypes, he designed an innovative handheld water purification device that creates fresh water instantly.
The LifeSaver bottle removes bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi and all micorobiological pathogens from contaminated water without the use of chemicals and lasts for years with very little maintenance.
Accepted for use by military forces, Lifesaver has also received a technological development award for it's effectiveness.


Recycling Paper

green inventionsSawa Hiroshi is an engineer employed by the Oriental Development Company in Japan.

"Global warming is a serious environmental problem and we wanted to develop an eco-friendly recycling product," says the 37 year-old inventor.
"We wanted zero-emissions and something that was economical and would contribute to conservation."
Funded by Oriental Development and Sanko Electronics, Sawa focused his efforts on a green invention that would recycle waste paper. He invented a small-scale recycling machine that converts waste paper into toilet paper.
Paper is thrown into a hopper and the machine untangles, shreds and uses hot water to dissolve the paper into a pulp.
The machine then automatically adjusts the consistency of the pulp, removes any foriegn particles, dries and compresses it into sheets and rolls it into toilet paper that exits out the other end.
green inventionsIt takes about 30 minutes to make a roll and each one is made with the equivalent of 40 sheets of standard size office paper.
Over a period of a year the machine would save about 60 cedar trees.
This green invention, affectionately named the "White Goat", has already won awards for innovation and is expected to be available for distribution later this year.


Hi Tech Gadgets

Powermat Chargers

hi tech gadgetsThe Powermat is a wireless charger for hi tech gadgets. You simply place your gadget on the mat to charge it.
It uses magnetic induction energy rather than electricity to charge devices and it works just as fast or faster than standard power adaptors.
It can also charge multiple and different gadgets all at the same time.

Blackberry Blackpad

Research In Motion, maker of the Blackberry smartphone, are rumored to be adding a tablet device to their hi tech gadgets later this year.
Rumored to be named the "Blackpad", the device will compete directly with Apple's iPad and will feature Wi-Fi and Bluetooth wireless technology.
RIM acquired the domain name for
The "Blackpad" will compete in the rapidly growing market for hi tech gadgets that represents the gap between smartphones and notebook computers.
The "Blackpad" is expected to feature Blackberry's popular email capabilities as well as front and back camera features for video conferencing.


hi tech gadgetsIf you drink alcohol don't operate a vehicle. But the reality is that people rely on their own sense of sobriety if they have a glass of wine at a restaurant or a couple of beers during a sporting event.
The fact that blood alcohol levels differ for every person is what inspired this invention.
The iBAC alcometer is a thumb-sized, portable, breathalyser spectrometer that measures your blood alcohol content similar to tests done at a laboratory.
Here's how it works.
It transmits the breathalyser reading to your smartphone via Bluetooth where an application containing your bio data (such as your weight and other physical characteristics) analyzes the results in about a minute.
It will measure your degree of sobriety, your alcohol burning rate and will even forecast when you will have a zero level of alcohol in your body.

Gorilla Glass

hi tech gadgetsIf there is one thing that consumers have in common when it comes to their hi tech gadgets - it's their concern about cracked and scratched screens.
In fact, a whole industry has emerged to fix and replace the screens on smartphones, tablets, and e-readers because they're a one-handed slip away from not being handheld.
But a product invented over 40 years ago is poised to become the latest and greatest screen technology for hi tech gadgets.
Gorilla glass, invented in the 60's by Corning Inc., is an utlra-thin, lightweight glass that is 3 times stronger than chemically strengthened glass and is extremely difficult to break, dent or scratch.
But when it was first invented there was no demand for such a product - until now. It's in demand because of the proliferation of digital devices.
Gorilla glass is currently used in more than 40 million mobile devices and is a $170 million a year business and expanding.
Beginning next year LCD frameless flat-screen televisions will also start using the glass. Corning expects revenues from their product to reach $200 million this year and over $1 billion next year.
Not bad for a product that has been in mothballs for 48 years.
Source:; photo:

Latest Science Inventions

Invisible Shield

selling inventions
This latest science invention is a spray-on invisible thin glass coating that sterilizes, protects and strengthens surfaces.The coating also repels water, dirt, stains, mildew, fungus, bacteria and viruses.
A liquid coating invented at the Saarbr├╝cken Institute for New Materials in Turkey and patented by Nanopool GmbH of Germany, is a flexible and breathable spray-on glass film approximately 100 nanometres thick (500 times thinner than a human hair) that has multiple applications and uses in numerous fields.
The coating is environmentally friendly (Winner of the Green Apple Award).
It can be applied within seconds to make any surface very easy to clean and safe from anti-microbes (Winner of the NHS Smart Solutions Award).
The special glass coating known as "SiO2 ultra-thin layering" protects practically any surface against water, uv radiation, dirt, heat, acid, stains, mildew, fungus. bacteria and viruses.
Trials by food processing plants in Germany have concluded that surfaces coated with liquid glass only need hot water for cleaning. In fact, the coating provided higher levels of sterility than surfaces cleaned with bleach or other chemicals.
A year long trial at a British hospital in Southport, Lancashire is to be published soon with very promising results for a wide range of coating applications used on medical equipment, implants, catheters, sutures and bandages.
Trials for in-vivo applications are confidential, but Neil McClelland, the UK Project Manager for Nanopool GmbH, describes the results as "stunning".
"Items such as stents can be coated, and this will create anti sticking features. Catheters and sutures which are a source of infection, will also cease to be problematic," he says.
Colin Humphreys, a professor of materials science at Cambridge University, commented that liquid glass appears to have a wide range of applications and that the product 'looks impressive'.
The applications for this latest science invention seem endless - buildings, vehicles, appliances, clothing etc. can have dirt and germ free surfaces without using toxic coatings or chemicals.


Building Human Organs 

latest science inventionsOganovo is a company based in San Diego, California.
Their latest science invention is a technology (novogen) which allows living tissue cells to be assembled into patterns and complex structures, such as organs.
Organovo has partnered with Invetech. a company based in Australia, to develop a bio-printer.
The device prints (places) human cells in a three-dimensional matrix to construct human tissue.
"Building human organs cell-by-cell was considered science fiction not that long ago," says Fred Davis of Invetech.
Currently, the bio-printer can grow blood vessels.
It is anticipated that within five years the device will construct arteries and by 2020 sophisticated organs will be built by the device.

Photo: Organovo

Glass Nanobots Absorb Toxins 

latest science inventionsA nanobot particle made from glass is being developed that can absorb pollutants from contaminated water.
The glass particles act like sponges by attracting and binding contaminants to themselves and expanding eight times in size during the process.
But unlike a sponge, these nanobots are hydrophobic, meaning they don't absorb water.
Scientists claim this new technology could be used to clean petroleum spills or other hazardous chemicals from our waterways. After the particles are dropped into the water, they collect pollutants and then rise to the surface when fully expanded. The particles are then skimmed from the surface, cleaned and placed back into the water to repeat the process.


Water Drop Lens
science-inventionsPhysicist and inventor, Bruno Berge, has created a liquid optical lens.
Using a process known as electro-wetting, a water drop is deposited on a metal substrate and covered by a thin insulating layer. When a voltage is applied to the metal, it modifies the angle of the liquid drop.
The liquid lens is comprised of two liquids, water and oil, one is a conductor while the other is an insulator. A variation in the voltage causes a change to the curvature of the liquid to liquid interface, which changes the focal length of the lens.
The use of liquids allows for low cost construction. There are no moving parts and electrical consumption is extremely low. The lens has a large inverse focal length range, quick response, high optical quality and can operate in a wide temperature range.
See Also: Glass Lenses and Contact Lenses


Batteries That Operate With Any Liquid
latest-science-inventionsChungpin Liao, a professor at the Graduate School of Electro-Optic and Material Science of National Formosa University in Taiwan has invented an organic battery that creates electricity when wet.
The "organic" battery generates a charge within 10 seconds and will last anywhere from two days to a week depending on the liquid. It works with water, beverages or even urine.
Although it will only produce half the strength of traditional batteries, the organic battery has a storage capacity greater than water-powered fuel cells and is very cheap to manufacture.
"Plus it contains no toxic substances and does not pose an environmental hazard" says Chungpin.
Liao received his degree in nuclear engineering from National Tsing Hua University in Hsinchu, Taiwan. He earned his Masters and Ph.D degrees in plasma science and fusion technology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, United States.